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African American History and The Holocuast

The rise of Nazism and the impact on African Americans. The fate of black people from 1933 to 1945 in Nazi Germany and in German-occupied territories ranged from:

  •  Isolation
  • Persecution
  •  Sterilization
  • Medical experimentation
  • Incarceration
  •  Brutality
  •  and murder.
  •  The number of black people living in Nazi-occupied Europe was relatively small and there was no systematic program for their elimination.

Prepare food outside the barracks. The man on the right, presumably, is Jean (Johnny) Voste, born in Belgian Congo, who was the only black prisoner in Dachau. Dachau, Germany, May 1945.

  • — US Holocaust Memorial MuseumAfrican Americans were among the liberators of the Buchenwald concentration camp. William Scott, seen here during training, was a military photographer and helped document Nazi crimes in the camp. Alabama, United States, March 1943. The racist nature of the Nazi regime was disguised briefly during the Olympic Games in Berlin in August 1936, when 18 African American athletes competed for the US team. Military service also confronted black soldiers with the horrors of the Holocaust, both as prisoners of war and as liberators.
  • Medical
    African American soldier Warren Capers was recommended for a Silver Star for his actions during the Allied invasion of France. He and his medical detachment aided more than 330 soldiers. France, August 18, 1944.
    — National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md. Now here’s something you don’t see very often… a Black child with a Nazi swastika emblazoned on his clothing (look closely and you’ll see it too). Here, you see a very young Hans-Jürgen Massaquoi, who was born in 1926 in Hamburg, Germany, and get this…
    • he went on to become the Managing Editor of Ebony magazine.
    • Read up on the fascinating Hans-Jürgen Massaquoi. references
  • http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005479&MediaId=2982
  • www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005479&MediaId=2982
  • http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans-J%C3%BCrgen_Massaquoi
  • http://www.blackpast.org/aah/massaquoi-hans-jurgen-1926

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